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Overview: Sri Lanka

Endless beaches with rolling surf, timeless ruins rich in history and culture, welcoming people, amazing wildlife, unique experiences, and flavoursome food make Sri Lanka irresistible.

A country that is moving forward quickly as more and more people discover its myriad charms however remains stuck in time, make Sri Lanka such an alluring country.

Few places have as many Unesco World Heritage Sites (eight) packed into such a small area and you will want to see them all. Sri Lanka’s 2000-plus years of culture can be discovered at ancient sites where legendary temples boast beautiful details even as they shelter in caves or perch on prominent peaks.

Across the island, the wildlife is just as predominant and intriguing with safari tours of Sri Lanka’s pleasantly relaxed national parks encountering leopards, water buffaloes, all manner of birds and a passel of primates.

Sri Lanka is a destination that has something for every type of traveller. Solo travellers will enjoy the ease of meeting fellow travellers along the way and the safety in the country. Couples will fall in love with the romance of the country stretching from the beaches to the inland villages. Families will appreciate the safety and activities on offer for children of all ages. Last of all, adventure travellers can enjoy diving, surfing, hiking and so much more.

How to get to Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Flights

Although Sri Lanka is small in size travelling around the island can be frustrating and time consuming. The country’s narrow roads, congested with pedestrians, cyclists and trishaws make travelling difficult. However, once you leave the hustle and bustle of Colombo, you can enjoy many scenic drives around the coastal line or in the hill country. Sri Lanka is beautiful and even though small in size offers visitors many travel options.

The Central Transport Board provides intensive urban bus operations in Colombo, where there are also private buses and minibuses. Fares are generally collected by conductors. Services are often crowded.

Air

Charter flights can be arranged to any destination in Sri Lanka through Deccan Aviation Lanka (www.simplifly.com). Deccan Aviation Lanka is a six year old helicopter and charter aircraft operator based in Sri Lanka. The company is authorized to operate both helicopters and fixed wing aircraft in the country.Today Deccan is the airline of choice for business or leisure travellers who place a premium on service, comfort and safety. The company comply with health and safety standards of major global tour operators and NGOs such as TUI, Kuoni, UN WFP, ICRC, etc

Rail

Trains connect Colombo with all tourist towns, but first-class carriages, air conditioning and dining cars are available on only a few. New fast services operate on the principal routes, including an intercity express service between Colombo and Kandy, otherwise journeys are fairly leisurely.
The Viceroy Express is the only passenger steam train still in operation in Sri Lanka. Every journey is hauled by a vintage, British locomotive, at least 50 years old.  

Road

Traffic drives on the left. Flashing lights mean that the driver is asserting right of way. 

Bus

An extensive network of services to most parts of the Island is afforded with reasonable quality by the Sri Lanka Central Transport Board (tel: (11) 258 1120; website: www.transport.gov.lk). Private bus drivers are paid according to the number of passengers and can often drive rather dangerously.

Long distance services are operated from Colombo at the Pettah Central Bus Depot. There are two services, one operated by the Sri Lanka Transport Board and the other operated by private bus companies. The private bus station is located close to the Central Depot. Most of the buses have air-conditioning. Buses to the coastal towns depart every ½ an hour while Kandy is every 15 minutes.

Taxi

These have yellow tops and red and white plates. In Colombo, taxis are metered but it is advisable to agree a rate before setting off. Drivers expect a 10% tip.

Trishaws (Tuktuks)

Ideal for short journeys within towns and cities, and for short excursions, the country’s many trishaws would be happy to offer you a ride. The vehicles are mainly Indian-made Bajaj rickshaws. Most trishaws are not metered. Always agree on a fare beforehand. Most drivers offer a decent fare, charging approximately Rs. 50 per kilometre. 

Car hires

This is available from several international agencies. Air-conditioned minibuses are also available. Motorised rickshaws are also readily available for hire in towns and villages. Chauffeur-driven cars are less expensive and recommended.

Regulations / Documentation

Most roads are tarred, with a 56kph (35mph) speed limit in built-up areas and 75kph (45mph) outside towns. The minimum age for driving a car is 18. In order to avoid bureaucratic formalities in Sri Lanka, an International Driving Permit should be obtained before departure. If not, a temporary licence to drive is obtainable on presentation of a valid national driving licence. This must be endorsed at the AA office in Colombo. (www.motortraffic.gov.lk

The regions of Sri Lanka

Jetwing Safari Camp Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka can be divided into 8 regions to give you an idea of what to expect and the activities you can enjoy from each area. Each region of Sri Lanka is different and while you are planning your well-deserved holidays you should consider checking if you would like to visit all or just few of the regions.

Galle & the South of Sri Lanka is very well developed and has an established tourist infrastructure. There are a wide range of top hotels to choose from for your ideal holidays. The South features some renowned National Parks for big game safaris, including Yala and Udawalawe. The South of Sri Lanka also has a large selection of attractions to visit, including Galle city and numerous temples, not forgetting its famous beaches.

Negombo & the Northwest offers the beaches of Negombo and Kalpitiya which are very pleasant. Kalpitiya is known for diving and whale watching. You may also spot the elusive leopard at Wilpattu National Park.

Colombo & the West is a region where you may decide to spend a couple of days exploring the capital of Sri Lanka.

Kandy & the Knuckles Mountain Range is a must-see region. It is the cultural capital of Sri Lanka featuring the sacred Temple of the Tooth.

Nuwara Eliya & the Hill Country and tea plantations offer you breathtaking views where you can trek for hours and days whilst absorbing the beautiful landscape.

The Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka is home to wonderful and mysterious ancient cities and kingdoms. Polonnaruwa, Anuradhapura and Sigiriya offer must-see attractions. With over 3000 years of history, lost cities and the caves of the golden temples of Dambulla, there are numerous reasons to visit this region.

Jaffna & the North of Sri Lanka are still not too touristic as a civil war happened there in the past. You can see some fantastic temples, in addition to visiting several other fascinating attractions.

Trincomalee & the East of Sri Lanka has some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. There are some stunning hotels and great attractions in Trincomalee, Nilaveli and Pasikuda.

Top things to do in Sri Lanka

Mirissa Whale Watching

Blue whales are the biggest animal live on the earth and Mirissa is the one of most suitable spot to watch blue whales and other whales too. See some of the oldest and the largest sea creatures, the humpback and the blue whales, as the nonchalantly glide past you, when you embark on a whale/ dolphin watching excursion off the Southern, Eastern or the West coast of Sri Lanka. The ideal locations for whale watching would be Dondra Point (accessible from Galle, Hikkaduwa and Mirissa) and Trincomalee while the sea off Kalpitiya teems with an abundance of dolphins.

Sigiriya

Sigiriya is the eighth wonder of the world and popular among visitors. It was the one of Asia’s oldest landscaped garden. Sigiriya was designated as a world heritage site in 1982. Sigiriya is famous for it’s palace ruins on top of a massive 200 meter high rock surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs and other structures. The rock itself is a lava plug left over from an ancient long extinct volcano. It is also renowned for its ancient paintings (frescoes), which are similar to those found at Ajanta Caves in India. It is generally agreed, however, that the Sigiriya Frescoes exhibit a uniquely Sri Lankan style. Sigiriya may have been inhabited through prehistoric times. Entrance Fee to Sigiriya Lions Rock: USD $30 and to Polonnaruwa Ancient City: USD$25

Galle Fort

Galle Fort is situated in 113 kilometers away from Colombo. The Galle Fort, also known as the Dutch Fort or the “Ramparts of Galle”, is a historical, archaeological and architectural heritage monument, which even after more than 423 years maintains a polished appearance, due to extensive reconstruction work done by Archaeological Department of Sri Lanka. Galle lighthouse, Galle clock tower, Groote Kerk – Galle, All Saints’ Church – Galle, National Museum in Galle, Old Dutch Hospital, National Maritime Museum Galle are main archaeological and architectural heritage monuments in Galle fort. The fort has a colourful history, and today has a multi-ethnic and multi-religious population.

Yala National Park

This is the second largest national park in Sri Lanka. Yala is home to Asian elephants, leopards and variety of beautiful endemic birds. There are six national parks and three wildlife sanctuaries in the vicinity of Yala. Among the largest is Lunugamvehera National Park. The park is situated in the dry semi-arid climatic region and rain is received mainly during the northeast monsoon. Yala hosts a variety of ecosystems ranging from moist monsoon forests to freshwater and marine wetlands. It is one of the 70 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Sri Lanka. Yala harbours 215 bird species including six endemic species of Sri Lanka. The number of mammals that has been recorded from the park is 44, and it has one of the highest leopard densities in the world. The area around Yala has hosted several ancient civilisations. Two important pilgrim sites, Sithulpahuwa and Magul Vihara, are situated within the park. Stay at a Jetwing Safari Camp for a true glamping experience in the wild.

Yoga & Surf Camp

Hiriketiya Beach Sri Lanka, also known as Hiriketiya Bay, is a stunning surf spot located on the southern coast of the island, just next door to Dikwella Beach. Here, surf and yoga camps have been popping up all over and travellers visit for the laid-back beach vibe, relaxed community, great waves and yogis teaching. Places like SaltHouse not only offer accommodation as a surf and yoga camp, but visitors can walk off the street to enjoy a yoga class, hire a surfboard or just enjoy some clean healthy eating at the restaurant.

Ella

Ella has a rich bio-diversity, dense with numerous varieties of flora and fauna and is extremely scenic as it is surrounded by hills covered with cloud forests and tea plantations. The town has a cooler climate than surrounding lowlands, due to its elevation. The Ella Gap allows views across the southern plains of Sri Lanka. On a sunny morning, you can even see the glow from the lighthouses along the southern coast. Catching a Blue Train through this region has become a must do in Sri Lanka for the journey is very scenic.

Dambulla Cave Temple

This temple complex dates back to the first century BCE. This is the most notable cave temple in sri lanka. It has five caves, carved with a drip line to keep the interiors dry. Inside the ceilings of the caves there are colourful religious images as well as those of various gods and goddesses. There are images of the Lord Buddha and bodhisattvas. The caves, built at the base of a 150m high rock during the Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa era. Names of the five caves – Devaraja Lena, Maharaja Lena, Maha Alut Viharaya, Paccima Viharaya, Devana Alut Viharaya. Entrance Fee: USD$10

Ayurveda Treatment

One of the world’s oldest forms of healing, Ayurveda — derived from the Sanskrit words for life (ayuh) and knowledge or science (veda) — originated in India more than 3,000 years ago and soon spread to Sri Lanka, where Sinhalese kings established Ayurveda treatment centres in the ancient cities of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa. In Ayurveda, a combination of herbs, diet, massage, hydrotherapy and oil treatment is used to treat everything from stress to diabetes, migraine, asthma, arthritis and high blood pressure.  Ayurveda specialists will tell you that this form of treatment also helps boost the immune system, promotes a general sense of well-being and even helps delay the ageing process. Why not make a stay out of it by booking into Jetwing Ayurveda Pavilions.

Colombo City Tour

Base yourself at a hotel like Jetwing Colombo Seven, where you have a fantastic view of the city from the rooftop pool. Sri Lanka’s Capital Colombo, a port city, with a rich colonial heritage, on the Western coast is a potpourri of races, religions and cultures. Colombo displays the best and worst the country has to offer. The city is a contrast itself, with mansions, lush gardens, fine dining options, shopping malls packed with expensive designer brands standing next to urban slums; diesel fumed congested roads and street markets. Despite its small size just 37.31 km² Colombo offers a varying selection of experience ranging from taking a tuktuk ride, a visit to Pettah market and eating Kottu to playing a round of golf and having high tea at one of the colonial style hotels overlooking the Indian Ocean. With many boutiques filled with international brands and local art and fabrics Colombo is the best place to do the last minute shopping and then it’s best to retire to Galle face, Colombo’s playground for some Kottu or Wade.

For more on Sri Lanka visit www.srilanka.travel

Disclosure: The writer travelled with assistance from Air Asia and Jetwings Hotels.


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